Search Site
130 E. Travis Street, Suite 425 | San Antonio, Texas 78205
Free Consultation (210) 227-1500

What Is the Timeline of a Title IX Case?

Title IX is a civil rights law that prohibits sex discrimination at schools receiving federal funding. Schools have established procedures for investigating and resolving complaints of Title IX violations, including sexual harassment or sexual assault. These cases, which can result in disciplinary measures being taken against an accused student, follow a multi-step process that can take weeks or months. If you are facing Title IX charges, you need to prepare yourself at the earliest possible stage.

Each school creates its own Title IX process, which must meet minimum standards required by federal regulations. Title IX proceedings are civil in nature. An accused student does not have all the rights afforded to defendants in criminal cases, such as the right to cross-examine the complainant. Also, the standard of proof for establishing a Title IX violation is a preponderance of the evidence, not proof beyond a reasonable doubt. There need only be a 51 percent likelihood that a violation occurred.

Although procedures vary school to school, there are typically six major steps in a Title IX case:

  1. Intake and review of the complaint — The school’s Title IX coordinator hears the complainant’s version of events and decides whether filing a formal complaint is warranted.
  2. Formal complaint — The accused student, known as the respondent, is notified of the charges. It is at this point that a Title IX defense lawyer should be retained.
  3. Investigation — The Title IX coordinator, or possibly another official, gathers all available evidence about the alleged events. Interviews are conducted of witnesses and other people that may have pertinent knowledge, including healthcare providers and school police. Documentary evidence such as emails, photos and videos is also collected. An investigatory report is prepared.
  4. Review of the evidence— The Title IX coordinator reviews the evidence and report and gives the respondent the opportunity to review them. The respondent is also permitted to submit contrary testimony and other evidence about the alleged events.
  5. Formal hearing — An appointed hearing officer or perhaps a panel of faculty members will hear the case. The hearing may take just a few hours or several days. The defense has the right to call witnesses and to cross-examine the school’s witnesses, except for the complainant.
  6. Decision and sanctions — The hearing officer or panel issues its findings. If a violation is found to have occurred, school officials decide on a disciplinary sanction, which can run from a verbal warning to loss of academic privileges and possibly to suspension or expulsion.

The respondent usually can appeal an adverse decision to a separately appointed committee. Depending on the school, appeals might be limited to showing procedural error, bias or unfairness.

Tylden Shaeffer, Attorney at Law, P.C. in San Antonio is highly experienced in representing students throughout south central Texas in Title IX cases. If you or a family member is facing a Title IX charge, contact us online or call (210) 227-1500 for a free initial consultation.

  • "Mr Shaeffer was up front from the beginning, and I respected that. He told me they have a solid case against me. He is a very out of the box thinker, and very organized. He told me the sad reality of" - Nicoli

  • "I found Mr. Shaeffer to be very responsive, effective, and strategic. There was never any doubt in my mind that he had my best interest at the forefront of his efforts in handling my case." - Ron

  • "When you have been wrongfully accused of having an affair with a student, you must acquire legal counsel before you even speak to the police, even if you are the person who reports the rumors. Tylden Schaeffer advised me to not have a second interview with the police department and found time in his schedule to meet with me that day. After the meeting, I had a path to move forward on and that included a well written statement that Mr. Schaeffer crafted. After submitting this in lieu of a second interview with the police, there were no more problems with the school district or police department. Mr. Schaeffer did a superb job and had me resting more easily following our meetings. I would highly recommend Mr. Schaeffer to anyone in need of a Criminal Defense Attorney." - Anonymous

  • "Tylden has been nothing but excellent while representing me. He’s been very upfront, honest, and cooperative with not only myself, but with my family as well. I don’t just feel like a number, he treats you like if you’re his only client. I’d definitely recommend him to anybody I know if they are in need of legal help. 5 out of 5 stars. I highly recommend Tylden Shaeffer!" - Joel

  • "Mr Shaeffer was up front from the beginning, and I respected that. He told me they have a solid case against me. He is a very out of the box thinker, and very organized. He told me the sad reality of what could potentially be the outcome of my case, and it was dim. However he asked me what i wanted and was creative enough to deliver at an extremely affordable price. He has the knowledge to defend you, and the experience to win. I’m very happy with how he handled my case. His office is also only blocks away from the court house and he is always prompt. I don’t usually write reviews, but Mr. Tylden Shaeffer deserves to be recognized." - Nicoli

  • "When I got charged with my DWI I already expected to go through a long, painful process from the beginning. But, Mr. Shaeffer and his staff made my whole experience quick and easy with their great communication and professionalism. He was always straight forward and I could tell he had my best interest in mind. He made sure I didn’t get charged with “extreme intoxication”, while also reducing my fines and the length of my probation. I highly recommend him to anyone!" - Alex

  • "Mr. Shaeffer is a great attorney , very professional, very nice and is willing to work with you and help u threw any situation u may have or need help with . I recommend Mr. Shaeffer to anyone who needs help with any kind of legal issues or problems. Anyone who has asked me about an attorney i most definitely tell them Mr. Shaeffer and give them his info. Thank you for all your help and everything u have done for me and my family. You are a awesome attorney! Highly Recommend" - Anonymous

  • "Tylden is a fantastic attorney. He thoroughly prepared for my case and did an amazing job of relating to the judge and jury. I highly recommend Tylden. Would recommend to anyone!" - Skyler

  • "Tylden got my felony reduced to a misdemeanor. He saved my life. I didn’t have to pester him for information and updates about my case and his staff is well informed and helpful. He personally attended each and every one of my hearings and was just as concerned about restoring my reputation as I was. He recently got a motion for non-disclosure filed and approved by the judge so I will never have to admit this mistake ever happened. I would recommend Tylden to anyone! He is a highly intelligent and competent attorney. The Best!" - Anonymous

  • "I was represented by Mr. Shaeffer years ago (2004). He would travel from San Antonio all the way to Del Rio to represent me. My father and I were accused of wrong doing by federal agents and we had done nothing. We, my father and I were on trial simultaneously. We had hired an attorney and found out later he was friends with the prosecutor and wanted us to accept a plea bargain. “We did nothing wrong”, I cried to him. He insisted that we accept due to it being impossible to beat the Government. My father and I were close to giving up when we met Mr. Shaeffer. Mr. Shaeffer believed in us and fought for us. Because of him, I never saw prison walls nor was I ever away from my family. It was one of the most difficult times in my life, but thankfully we met a Godsend attorney and justice prevailed." - Anonymous

Case Results
Intoxication Manslaughter – Reduced Sentence

While client was already on probation for DWI when arrested for Intoxication Manslaughter. Client pleaded guilty to the jury and jury awarded probation where State sought prison term from the jury.

Read More >
Contact us

Quick Contact Form